🎋Chhath Puja - छठ पूजा

Chhath Puja Date: Nahaye Khaye: Friday, 28 October 2022

Chhath festival or Chhath Puja is a four day folk festival celebrated from Kartik Shukla Shashthi to Kartik Shukla Saptami. This festival is celebrated six days after Diwali. Chhath festival is mainly celebrated in a huge way in the northern Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Delhi.

In Chhath Puja, there is a ritual to give arghya and worship Surya Bhagwan and Chhathi Maiya. Chhath is a famous festival of Bihar celebrated in India since the Vedic period. This festival is called Chhath due to celebrating the major fast of Shashthi Tithi. During this period, Vratdhari keeps a fast of 36 hours. During this time they do not even take water.

Related Name
chhath parv, chhath, shashthi pooja

छठ पूजा हिन्दी में पढ़ें

छठ पर्व या छठ पूजा कार्तिक शुक्ल षष्ठी से कार्तिक शुक्ल सप्तमी तक मनाया जाने वाला चार दिनों तक चलने वाला लोक पर्व है।

Nahaye Khaye

8 November 2021
Date: Karthik Shukla Chaturthi
The first day of Chhath festival is known as Nahay-Khay. On this day, the first house is cleaned and sanctified. After that, the Vratis go to their nearest river or pond and bathe in clean water. On this day, Vratis eat only once. Fried foods are completely forbidden this fast. This food is cooked in bronze or clay utensils.

Kharna or Lohanda

9 November 2021
Date: Karthik Shukla Panchami
The second day of Chhath festival which is known as Kharna or Lohanda. On this day, Vratis keep fast for the whole day, do not take even a drop of water before sunset. In the evening rice pudding is made using jaggery and sugarcane juice. These two things are taken again by giving Naivedya to Suryadev, living alone in the same house.

All family members, friends and relatives are given kheer-roti as prasad. This entire process is called kharna. After this, the fast observes Nirjala fast for the next 36 hours. In the middle of the night vrati makes Thekua salt dish as a special offering for fasting worship.

Sandhya Arghya

10 November 2021
Date: Karthik Shukla Shashthi
The third day of Chhath festival which is known as Sandhya Arghya. Throughout the day, all family members prepare for worship. Special offerings such as thekua, kachavaniya (rice laddus) are made for Chhath Puja. For Chhath Puja, a basket made of bamboo called Daura is put in the pujari, fruits of the puja, and placed in Devakari.

After doing pooja there, in the evening after taking coconut in a soup, five kinds of fruits and other items of worship, keep them in Daura and take the men of the house with their hands and take them to Chhath Ghat. In this festival, special care is taken of purity. In this entire event, women often go to the ghat to sing the songs of Chhath Maiya.

On the banks of the river, a chaura of Chhath Mata is made and coconut is placed on it, with all the items of worship on it, and the lamp is lit. Shortly before sunset, by taking the whole worship item, vrati's stand in water up to the knees and offers arghya to the drowning Surya bhagwan.

Usha Arghya

11 November 2021
Date: Karthik Shukla Saptami
Arghya is offered to the rising Surya on the fourth day i.e. the last day. Before sunrise, the Vrati-Jana reaches the ghat along with all the family members to worship the rising Surya Bhagwan.

The dishes offered at Sandhya Arghya are replaced by new dishes, but the fruits remain the same. All the rules and regulations are done in the same way as the evening arghya. Puja archana is the ritual of worship of the ghat after completion.

Related Information

Futures Dates
17 November 2023 - 20 November 20235 November 2024 - 8 November 202426 October 2025 - 29 October 202513 November 2026 - 16 November 2026
Frequency
Yearly / Annual
Duration
4 Days
Begins Tithi
Kartik Shukla Chaturthi
Ends Tithi
Kartik Shukla Saptami
Months
October / November
Type
Public Holiday in Bihar
Reason
Worship of Sun God and Chhathi Maiya.
Celebrations
Bath, Sun to Arghya, Bhajan, Kirtan, Aarti, Fair.
Imp Places
Bihar, Jharkhand and Eastern Uttar Pradesh, River Bank, Canal Bank, Pond and Water Sources.
Past Dates
Usha Arghya: 11 November 2021, Sandhya Arghya: 10 November 2021, Kharna or Lohanda: 9 November 2021, 18 November 2020 - 21 November 2020
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