🪔Diwali - दिवाली

Diwali Date: Dhanteras: 2 November 2021
Diwali, English Meaning: Festival of Lights also known as Deepawali is the biggest and the brightest festival in India.

Diwali, English Meaning: Festival of Lights also known as Deepawali is the biggest and the brightest festival in India. Honour to return Maryada Purushottam Shri Rama, his wife Mata Sita and his brother Shri Lakshmana from exile of 14 years after victory over the demon king Ravana (The King of Lanka).

The festival spiritually signifies the victory of light over darkness. The festival preparations and rituals typically extend over a five-day period, but the main festival night of Diwali coincides with the darkest, new moon night.

Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, Lord Kuber, Lord Yamraj, God Dhanvantari, God Hanuman, Goddess Kali, Goddess Saraswati, Lord Krishna and Demon King Bali are the most prominent names worshipped during Diwali.

Related Name
Dhanteras, Dhana Trayodashi, Dhantrayodashi, Dhanatrayodashi, Dhanvantari Trayodashi, Deepawali, Deepavali, Narak Chaturdasi, Roop Chaturdashi, Roop Chaudas, Kali Chaudas, Bandi Chhor Divas, Annakut Pooja, Bhai Dooj, Bhaiya Dooji, Bhai Tika, Narak Chaturdashi, Mahalakshmi Puja

दिवाली हिन्दी में पढ़ें

दीपावली भारत का सबसे बड़ा और सबसे प्रकाशमय त्यौहार है।

Dhanteras

2 November 2021
Also called Dhantrayodashi, this day marks the birthday of Lakshmi, the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity, and the birthday of Dhanvantari, the God of Health and Healing.

Dhanteras is also a major shopping day, particularly for gold or silver articles. Merchants, traders and retailers stock up, put articles on sale, and prepare for this day. Lakshmi Puja is performed in the evening. Some people decorate their shops, work place or items symbolizing their source of sustenance and prosperity.

Badi Diwali

3 November 2021
Badi Diwali is also known as Narak Chaturdasi, Roop Chaturdashi, Roop Chaudas and Kali Chaudas. Typically, house decoration and colourful floor patterns called rangoli are made on or before Narak Chaturdasi. In North India people celebrate this day as Badi Diwali, they light one Gee diya out side the house.

Abhyang Snan on Narak Chaturdashi might be one day before or on same day of Lakshmi Puja day on English Calendar. When Chaturdashi Tithi prevails before sunrise and Amavasya Tithi prevails after sunset then Narak Chaturdashi and Lakshmi Puja fall on the same day.

Choti Diwali

4 November 2021
This day Maryada Purushottam Shri Rama, his wife Mata Sita and his brother Shri Lakshmana return from 14 years of vanvas (exile of 14 years) after victory over the demon king Ravana. People wear new clothes or their best outfits as the evening and visit relatives & friends, exchanging gifts and sweets. Then diyas are lit, pujas are offered to Lakshmi, and to one or more additional deities depending on the region of India, typically Ganesha, Saraswati, and Kubera.

Lakshmi is believed to roam the earth on Diwali night. On the evening of Diwali, people open their doors and windows to welcome Lakshmi, and place diya lights on their windowsills and balcony ledges to invite her.

Diwali also marks the beginning of new year, in some parts of India. Merchants and shopkeepers close out their old year, and start a new fiscal year with blessings from Lakshmi and other deities.

Sikh celebrates Diwali as Bandi Chhor Divas and Jain celebrates it as a day to commemorate Mahavir.

Govardhan Puja

5 November 2021
Govardhan Puja is celebrated when Bhagwan Krishna defeated King Indra of heaven by raising the Govardhan Parvat to crush his pride. Govardhan Puja is also celebrated as Annakut Puja. On this day food made of grains like wheat, rice, curry made with gram flour and leafy vegetables is cooked, and Bhagwan Krishna is fed as an offering. There is a tradition of offering 56 types of bhog to Bhagwan on this day in Braj.

Bhai Duj

6 November 2021
The last day of the festival is celebrated as Bhai Dooj, Bhaiya Dooji or Bhai Tika. It is celebrated like the Rakshabandhan associated with the dear relationship of sister-brother but with some different rituals. This religious day brings alive the intimacy of brotherly love.

This day is also called Yam Dwitiya. The five-day Diwali festival ends on the day of Bhai Dooj. This festival is celebrated on the second date of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month. On this day, the sisters bless their brother's bright future with a tilak from Roli and Akshat. Also, the brother gives some gifts or dakshina to his sister. The method of celebrating Bhaiya Dooj festival is not the same everywhere. In North India, on this day, the sisters give coconut to the brother by applying Akshat and Tilak, while in Eastern India, the sisters apply tilak to the brother after the Shankhnad and give some gifts.

Ganga Pooje Yamuna Ko Yami Pooje Yamraj Ko, Subhadra Pooja Krishn Ko, Ganga Yamuna Neer Bahe Mere Bhai Ki Aayu Badhe.

It is believed that on this day in the evening, sisters burn the chaumukh lamp in the name of Yamraj and keep it outside the house. This time is considered very auspicious if eagle is seen flying in the sky above. It is believed that Yamraj has accepted the prayers that the sisters are asking for the age of the brother, or he will go to the eagle to convey the message of the sisters to Yamraj.

Other Names of Diwali

Assamese: দীপাৱলী, Dipaboli / Dipali, Bengali: দীপাবলি/দীপালি, Gujarati: દિવાળી, Kannada: ದೀಪಾವಳಿ, Konkani: दिवाळी, Malayalam: ദീപാവലി, Marathi: दिवाळी, Odia: ଦିପାବଳୀ, Punjabi: ਦੀਵਾਲੀ, Sindhi: दियारी‎, Tamil: தீபாவளி, Telugu: దీపావళి, Nepali: स्वन्ति / Swanti or तिहार / Tihar

Bandi Chhor Divas

4 November 2021
Bandi Chhor Shodh Divas (Day of Liberation) (ਬੰਦੀ ਛੋੜ ਦਿਵਸ) is a Sikh festival which coincides with the day of Diwali. Bandi Chhor Divas celebrates the release from prison in Gwalior of the Sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind, and 52 other princes with him.

The word Bandi is translated from Punjabi into English as Imprisoned (or Prisoner), Chhor (shodh) translates as Release, and Divas means Day, rendering Bandi Chhor Divas as Prisoners' Release Day.

Guru Amar Das chose Diwali, later referenced as Bandi Chhor Divas, as one of the three festivals to be celebrated by Sikhs, the others being Maghi and Baisakhi (Vaisakhi).

Related Name: Bandi Shodh Divas

Diwali Preparations

» Clean the house and business premises usually by giving new whitewash or fresh paints. Make the entrance way to your home or business colorful using the traditional motifs of Rangoli designs
» Buying new clothes, jewelry and new household items either big or small
» Go vegetarian, prepare traditional home-made sweets
» Worship numerous deities
» Lighting Diyas with Gee and vegetable oil, decorating home with blinking electric lamps
» Trying Diwali remedies to gain wealth
» Care for your sibling, visiting relatives and family friends, distributing sweets, dry-fruits and gifts
» Calling distant family members, relatives and friends to exchange Diwali wishes are the most common activities during Diwali

Related Information

Next Dates(2021)
Dhanteras: 2 November 2021Badi Diwali: 3 November 2021Diwali: 4 November 2021Govardhan Puja: 5 November 2021Bhai Duj: 6 November 2021
Frequency
Yearly / Annual
Duration
5 Days
Begins Tithi
Kartik Krishna Trayodashi
Ends Tithi
Kartik Shukla Dwitiya
Months
October / November
Reason
Shri Rama with his wife and his brother return after 14 years of exile.
Celebrations
Laxmi Puja, Hanuman Puja, Maa Kali Puja, Govardhan Puja, Sweets exchanges, Liting deepak, Shopping, Clean renovate decorate homes & Shop
Imp Places
Home, Shops, Temples, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Fiji, Guyana, Malaysia, Mauritius, Myanmar, Singapore, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago
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Diwali 2021 Dates

Festival NameFestival Date
Dhanteras 2 November 2021
Badi Diwali 3 November 2021
Diwali 4 November 2021
Govardhan Puja 5 November 2021
Bhai Duj 6 November 2021
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