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✨Raja Parba - रज पर्व

Raja Parba Date: Saturday, 15 June 2024
Raja Parba

Raja Parba is one of the most popular festivals of the state of Odisha. Dedicated to Bhuma Devi, the wife of Bhagwan Vishnu, it is a unique festival in Odisha that celebrates womanhood. Raja is celebrated for three consecutive days. The festivities begin a day before Mithun Sankranti and end two days after that.

How is Raja festival celebrated?
❀ The first day of the festival is called Pahili Raja, the second as Mithun Sankranti and the third as Bhu Dah or Basi Raja.
❀ The preparation starts a day before the first Raja, and is called sajabaza. Mainly, it is the time for unmarried girls to prepare for their marriage.
❀ It is mainly a festival for girls, girls eat nutritious food like poda pitha, do not walk barefoot, swing on ropes attached to trees and so on and follow various customs related to the festival.
❀ During the festival, the Odia people do not do any construction work or plowing which requires digging the earth. And by not doing such activities, they pay tribute to mother earth who needs a break from routine work.

Mythological story behind Raja festival
There is a story related to this festival. Goddess Prithvi (Bhuma Devi), the consort of Lord Vishnu undergoes her menstrual cycle during this period. Interestingly, the word 'raja' in Odia means menstruation, and is derived from rajaswala, which means a woman who menstruates. Amazingly, it is a festival that celebrates this aspect of femininity that makes womanhood unique. Menstruation is considered a sign of fertility, and therefore, it celebrates womanhood and her ability to give birth to another life.

The festival ends with a ritual called Vasumati Snan or the bath of Bhuma Devi. Women worship a stone which is a symbol of Mother Earth. They bathe him with turmeric paste and offer flowers to him and smear him with vermilion. This festival is related to the Ambubachi fair of Assam.

The festival is also associated with the end of the summer season and the arrival of the monsoon. And hence, it is also associated with communities and activities related to agriculture and farming.

Related NameRaja, Pahili Raja, Raja Sankranti, Mithun Sankranti
Begins TithiMithun Sankranti
ReasonWomenhood Festival, Bhudevi Pooja, Bhuma Devi
CelebrationsFlower Decoration, Bhudevi Pooja

रज पर्व हिन्दी में पढ़ें

रज पर्व ओडिशा राज्य के सबसे लोकप्रिय त्योहारों में से एक है। भगवान विष्णु की पत्नी भूमा देवी को समर्पित, यह ओडिशा में एक अनूठा त्योहार है जो नारीत्व का जश्न मनाता है। रज लगातार तीन दिनों तक मनाया जाता है। उत्सव मिथुन संक्रांति से एक दिन पहले शुरू होता है और उसके दो दिन बाद समाप्त होता है।

Related Information

Futures Dates
15 June 202515 June 202615 June 202715 June 2028
Frequency
Annual
Duration
3 Days
Begins Tithi
Mithun Sankranti
Reason
Womenhood Festival, Bhudevi Pooja, Bhuma Devi
Celebrations
Flower Decoration, Bhudevi Pooja
Imp Places
Odisha
Past Dates
15 June 2023
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