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🐅Durga Puja - दुर्गा पूजा

Durga Puja Date: Thursday, 1 January 1970
Durga Puja

Durga Puja celebrates the victory of Devi Durga over the evil demon Mahishasura therefore worshipped as Durgotinashini(the protector of her devotees). In Bengal, Assam, Odisha Puja pronounced as Pujo.

From Mahalaya the festive begins (Construction of Idol begins from Mahalaya) and the actual Pujo performs in Sasthi (6th day), Saptami (7th Day, Asthami (8th day), Navami (9th day) and bisarjan on Dasami(10th Day). This festival ends with Dussehra.

Durga Puja of West Bengal has been included in the list of Intangible Heritage by Humanity at UNSCO on 15th December 2021. This specialty of Durga Puja is a matter of pride not only for this festival but for the whole of India.

Durga Puja Significance Vidhi
Durga Puja is celebrated for five days. These five days are celebrated as Shashthi, Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Mahanavami and Vijayadashami.

Maha Shashthi - Day 1 of Durga Puja
20 October 2023
Vidhi - Bilva invitation, Kalparambh
Famine perception, invitation and domicile

Maha Saptami - Day 2 of Durga Puja
21 October 2023
Vidhi - Navapatrika Puja, Kalabou Puja

Maha Ashtami - Day 3 of Durga Puja
22 October 2023
Vidhi - Durga Ashtami, Kumari Puja, Sandhi Puja

Maha Navami - Day 4 of Durga Puja
23 October 2023
Vidhi - Maha Navami, Durga Sacrifice, Navami Havan

Vijayadashami - Day 5 of Durga Puja
24 October 2023
Vidhi - Durga Visarjan, Vijayadashami, Sidur Khyala

Related NameAkaal Bodhan, Durgotsava, Akalbodhan(untimely awakening of Durga), Sharadiya Pujo (autumnal worship), Sharodotsab (Bengali: শারদোৎসব ), Maha Pujo / Mahapuja, Maayer Pujo (worship of the Mother), Durgotinashini, Sharadotsav
Begins TithiAshvin Shukla Shashti
CelebrationsPandal, Fast, Mantra Jaap.

दुर्गा पूजा हिन्दी में पढ़ें

दुर्गा पूजा को माँ दुर्गा द्वारा दुष्ट राक्षस महिषासुर पर विजय प्राप्‍ति की खुशी में मनाया जाता है, इसलिए माँ को दुर्गतनाशिनी के रूप में पूजा जाता है।

Day 1: Maha Shashthi

20 October 2023
Durga Puja (Pujo) begins with the Maha Shashthi ritual on the sixth day of the Devi Paksha and marks the formal start of Durga Puja in the eastern parts of the country. This is the day when we believe that Maa Durga returns home with her children from her abode in Kailash.

What are the important rituals of Durga Puja Maha Shashthi?
1. Kalparambh (beginning of worship),
2. Bodhan (anointing of the idol of Maa Durga), the ritual involves the unveiling of the face of the idol.
3. Amantran (inviting the Devi) and Adhivasa (sanctifying the abode of the Devi in the worship area of ​​the houses) - are performed on Shashthi.

Every day the rituals of worship begin with a fast till the wreath laying.

Day 2: Maha Saptami

21 October 2023
Saptami begins with the immersion of a banana tree in holy water in the morning. The tree is then dressed in a sari and worshiped with flowers, incense and sandalwood paste. It is called Kola Bou or 'banana (plant) bride'. It is placed next to Bhagwan Ganesh, signifying its role as his newly wedded wife.

Navapatrika Puja: A group of nine plants called Navapatrika, which actually represents the nine forms of Devi Durga. After Navapatrika another ritual called Pran Pratishtha is performed to awaken Devi Durga.

Day 3: Maha Ashtami

22 October 2023
Maha Ashtami marks the eighth day of the festival and on this auspicious day Devi Durga is worshiped with strict fasting. It begins with Mahasan and Shodashopachar Puja. All the nine forms of the Devi are worshiped during Maha Ashtami Puja. Unmarried girls are also worshiped on this day. This is known as 'Kumari Puja'.

One of the main events on Durga Ashtami is Sandhi Puja, which is held at the time when Ashtami Tithi ends and Navami Tithi begins. It is believed that Devi Chamunda appeared around this time to kill the demons Chanda and Munda. It is also customary to light 108 earthen lamps during Sandhi Puja.

Day 4: Maha Navami

23 October 2023
The day of Maha Navami celebrates the victory of good over evil as it is the day when Devi Durga killed Mahishasura. It is the last day of devotion before the completion of Navratri and a day before Vijayadashami. Earlier animal sacrifice was a part of some Durga Puja celebrations, but it is no longer allowed. So to follow this tradition a vegetable sacrifice is offered to the Devi in this ritual.

Devotees of Devi Durga perform Navami Havan after Navami Puja and pray for good health and prosperity.

Day 5: Durga Visarjan

24 October 2023
Vijayadashami marks the end of five days of festivities. After 'Ghat Visarjan' on Vijayadashami, Bengali women apply vermilion on the idol and then apply vermilion on each other's face for good luck which is called Sindoor Khela.

Related Information

Futures Dates
27 September 2025 - 2 October 2025
Yearly / Annual
6 Days
Begins Tithi
Ashvin Shukla Shashti
Ends Tithi
Ashvin Shukla Dashami
September / October
Public Holiday in West Bengal
Pandal, Fast, Mantra Jaap.
Imp Places
Maa Kali Temples, Maa Kali Pandal, Kalibadi.
Past Dates
Durga Visarjan, Vijayadashami Sindoor Utsav: 24 October 2023, Maha Navami, Durga Balidan Navami Homa: 23 October 2023, Durga Ashtami, Kumari Puja Sandhi Puja: 22 October 2023, Durga Saptami, Kolabou Puja: 21 October 2023, Bilva Nimantran, Kalparambha Akal Bodhon, Amantran and Adhivas: 20 October 2023, 11 October 2021 - 15 October 2021, 22 October 2020 - 26 October 2020, 3 October 2019 - 7 October 2019, 15 October 2018 - 19 October 2018
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