🙏 Pitru Paksha - पितृ पक्ष

Upcoming Event: Shraddha Purnima: 20 September 2021
Pitru Paksha also known as Shraaddha or Kanagat start with Purnima Shraddha, ends after 16 days on Sarva Pitru Amavasya which is also known as Sarvapitri Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya.

Pitru Paksha, also known as Shraddha or Kanagat, begins with Shraddha Purnima and ends after sixteen days on the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya. Hindus pay respects, thanks and tributes to their ancestors (ie fathers), especially through offering pind,bhojan or prasad.

Shraddha dates 2020:
1 September 2020: Full Moon Shradh (After 9:40 AM)
2 September 2020: Parba / Ekam / Pratipada Shradh (After 10:52 AM)
3 September 2020: Doj / Dwitiya Shradh (After 12:26 PM)
4 September 2020: Doj / Dwitiya Shradh (Before 2:22 PM)
5 September 2020: Tritiya Shradh
6 September 2020: Chaturthi's Shradh
7 September 2020: Panchami Shradh
8 September 2020: Shashthi Shradh
9 September 2020: Saptami Shradh
10 September 2020: Ashtami Shradh
11 September 2020: Navami Shradh
12 September 2020: Dashami Shradh
13 September 2020: Ekadashi Shradh
14 September 2020: Dwadashi Shradh
15 September 2020: Triodashi Shradh
16 September 2020: Chaturdashi / Chowdash Shradh
17 September 2020: Amavas Shradh

It is believed that at the time of Shraddha, ancestors come to earth to bless their relatives. The interpretation of Shraddha Karma is found in both the era of Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

Pitru Paksha from Mahabharata:
An episode of Shraddha follows from the era of Mahabharata, after the end of the war between the Kaurava-Pandavas, when all was over, Danveer Karna reached heaven after his death. Gold, silver and ornaments were served in place of food. At this, he asked Indra, the devta of swarg, the reason for this.

Indra dev told Karna that throughout his life he donated only gold, silver and diamonds, but never donated any food in the name of his ancestors. Karna replied that he had no knowledge about his ancestors, so he was unable to do so.

Then, Indra advised Karna to return to Earth, where he donated food and offered his ancestors during these sixteen days. And thus Danveer Karna free from Pitru Rinn.

Related Name
Shraaddh Paksha, Kanagat, Mahalaya Paksha, Sarvapitri Amavasya, Mahalaya Amavasya, Apara Paksha, Pitru Amavasya, Peddala Amavasya

पितृ पक्ष हिन्दी में भी उपलब्ध

पितृ पक्ष जिसे श्राद्ध या कानागत भी कहा जाता है, श्राद्ध पूर्णिमा के साथ शुरू होकर सोलह दिनों के बाद सर्व पितृ अमावस्या के दिन समाप्त होता है।

Sarvapitri Amavasya

17 September 2020
The last day of Pitru Paksha is known as Sarvapitru Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya. Mahalaya Amavasya is the most important day of Pitru Paksha. People who do not know the exact date/day of their ancestors' death, remember this day by dedicating sradhanjali and bhojan to them.

Importance of Shraddha Dates

पूर्णिमा
प्रोष्ठपदी/पूर्णिमा का श्राद्ध

All the rest are as per Shradh date
प्रतिपदा श्राद्ध, द्वितीया श्राद्ध, तृतीया श्राद्ध, चतुर्थी श्राद्ध, पंचमी श्राद्ध, षष्ठी श्राद्ध, सप्तमी श्राद्ध, अष्टमी श्राद्ध, नवमी श्राद्ध, दशमी श्राद्ध, एकादशी श्राद्ध, त्रयोदशी श्राद्ध

द्वादशी
सन्यासियों का श्राद्ध

चतुर्दशी
चतुर्दशी तिथि के दिन शस्त्र, विष, दुर्घटना से मृतों का श्राद्ध होता है चाहे उनकी मृत्यु किसी अन्य तिथि में हुई हो।

अमावस
अमावस का श्राद्ध, अज्ञात तिथि वालों का श्राद्ध, सर्वपितृ श्राद्ध।

Kanagat

The dedication of Tarpan, Pind and Daan (donation) in the name of ancestors is called Shraddha. According to the belief, when the sun enters Kanyarashi, the ancestors come from parlok to stay with their grandchildren, hence it is also called Kanagat.

Pind Daan or Shraddha Karma can be performed every month’s Amavasya for the peace of the ancestors, but Pitru Paksha is considered more important for Shraddha.

How to worship ancestors in the ancestral side?

If you remember the death day/date of your ancestor or deceased member of the family, you should pay obeisance on the same date falling on the ancestral side. If the date of death is not known, shraddha can be performed on the day of Sarvapriti Amavasya, which is also known as Mahalaya Amavasya. If there is a premature death due to an accident or self-immolation etc., then Shraddha is performed on Chaturdashi Tithi.

The law has been told to perform Shraddha for three generations. Every year, Yamraj frees all the living beings in the Shraddha Paksha, so that he can go to his kith and accept the tarpan. In the three ancestors, the father is considered like Vasu, Rudra Devta is considered as grandfather and Aditya Devata is considered as great grandfather. It is considered representative of all other ancestors at the time of Shraddh.

Holy Places For Shradh Rituals

According to Hindu mythology, there are some important places in India that are famous for performing Shraddha rituals for the peace and happiness of the departed souls.

Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Prayaga (Allahabad), Uttar Pradesh
Gaya, Bihar
Kedarnath, Uttarakhand
Badrinath, Uttarakhand
Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
Nashik, Maharashtra
Kapal Mochan Sarovar, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana

Related Information

Next Dates(Year Around)
Shraddha Purnima: 20 September 2021Sarvapitri Amavasy: 6 October 2021
Futures Dates
Shraddha Purnima: 10 September 2022
Frequency
Yearly / Annual
Duration
16 Days
Begins Tithi
Bhadrapada Shukla Purnima
Ends Tithi
Ashvin Krishna Amavasya
Months
September / October
Past Dates
Sarvapitri Amavasy: 17 September 2020, Shraddha Purnima: 1 September 2020, Sarvapitri Amavasya: 28 September 2019, Shraddha Purnima: 14 September 2019, Sarvapitri Amavasya: 8 October 2018, Shraddha Purnima: 24 September 2018

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