🙏 Pitru Paksha - पितृ पक्ष

Pitru Paksha Date: Shraddha Purnima: 10 September 2022
Pitru Paksha also known as Shraaddha or Kanagat start with Purnima Shraddha, ends after 16 days on Sarva Pitru Amavasya which is also known as Sarvapitri Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya.

Pitru Paksha, also known as Shraddha or Kanagat, begins with Shraddha Purnima and ends after sixteen days on the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya. Hindus pay respects, thanks and tributes to their ancestors (ie fathers), especially through offering pind,bhojan or prasad.

Shraddha dates 2021:
20 September 2021: Poornima Shradh
21 September 2021: Parba / Ekam / Pratipada Shradh
22 September 2021: Doj / Dwitiya Shradh
23 September 2021: Tritiya Shradh
24 September 2021: Chaturthi's Shradh / Maha Bharani Shradh
25 September 2021: Panchami Shradh
26 September 2021: Shashthi Shradh
28 September 2021: Saptami Shradh
29 September 2021: Ashtami Shradh
30 September 2021: Navami Shradh
01 October 2021: Dashami Shradh
02 October 2021: Ekadashi Shradh
03 October 2021: Dwadashi Shradh / Magha Shradh
04 October 2021: Triodashi Shradh
05 October 2021: Chaturdashi / Chowdash Shradh
06 October 2021: Amavas Shradh

It is believed that at the time of Shraddha, ancestors come to earth to bless their relatives. The interpretation of Shraddha Karma is found in both the era of Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

Pitru Paksha from Mahabharata:
An episode of Shraddha follows from the era of Mahabharata, after the end of the war between the Kaurava-Pandavas, when all was over, Danveer Karna reached heaven after his death. Gold, silver and ornaments were served in place of food. At this, he asked Indra, the devta of swarg, the reason for this.

Indra dev told Karna that throughout his life he donated only gold, silver and diamonds, but never donated any food in the name of his ancestors. Karna replied that he had no knowledge about his ancestors, so he was unable to do so.

Then, Indra advised Karna to return to Earth, where he donated food and offered his ancestors during these sixteen days. And thus Danveer Karna free from Pitru Rinn.

Related Name
Shraaddh Paksha, Kanagat, Mahalaya Paksha, Sarvapitri Amavasya, Mahalaya Amavasya, Apara Paksha, Pitru Amavasya, Peddala Amavasya, Pitar Paksha

पितृ पक्ष हिन्दी में पढ़ें

पितृ पक्ष जिसे श्राद्ध या कानागत भी कहा जाता है, श्राद्ध पूर्णिमा के साथ शुरू होकर सोलह दिनों के बाद सर्व पितृ अमावस्या के दिन समाप्त होता है।

Sarvapitri Amavasya

6 October 2021
The last day of Pitru Paksha is known as Sarvapitru Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya. Mahalaya Amavasya is the most important day of Pitru Paksha. People who do not know the exact date/day of their ancestors' death, remember this day by dedicating sradhanjali and bhojan to them.

Importance of Shraddha Dates

पूर्णिमा
प्रोष्ठपदी/पूर्णिमा का श्राद्ध

All the rest are as per Shradh date
प्रतिपदा श्राद्ध, द्वितीया श्राद्ध, तृतीया श्राद्ध, चतुर्थी श्राद्ध, पंचमी श्राद्ध, षष्ठी श्राद्ध, सप्तमी श्राद्ध, अष्टमी श्राद्ध, नवमी श्राद्ध, दशमी श्राद्ध, एकादशी श्राद्ध, त्रयोदशी श्राद्ध

द्वादशी
सन्यासियों का श्राद्ध

चतुर्दशी
चतुर्दशी तिथि के दिन शस्त्र, विष, दुर्घटना से मृतों का श्राद्ध होता है चाहे उनकी मृत्यु किसी अन्य तिथि में हुई हो।

अमावस
अमावस का श्राद्ध, अज्ञात तिथि वालों का श्राद्ध, सर्वपितृ श्राद्ध।

Kanagat

The dedication of Tarpan, Pind and Daan (donation) in the name of ancestors is called Shraddha. According to the belief, when the sun enters Kanyarashi, the ancestors come from parlok to stay with their grandchildren, hence it is also called Kanagat.

Pind Daan or Shraddha Karma can be performed every month’s Amavasya for the peace of the ancestors, but Pitru Paksha is considered more important for Shraddha.

How to worship ancestors in the ancestral side?

If you remember the death day/date of your ancestor or deceased member of the family, you should pay obeisance on the same date falling on the ancestral side. If the date of death is not known, shraddha can be performed on the day of Sarvapriti Amavasya, which is also known as Mahalaya Amavasya. If there is a premature death due to an accident or self-immolation etc., then Shraddha is performed on Chaturdashi Tithi.

The law has been told to perform Shraddha for three generations. Every year, Yamraj frees all the living beings in the Shraddha Paksha, so that he can go to his kith and accept the tarpan. In the three ancestors, the father is considered like Vasu, Rudra Devta is considered as grandfather and Aditya Devata is considered as great grandfather. It is considered representative of all other ancestors at the time of Shraddh.

Holy Places For Shradh Rituals

According to Hindu mythology, there are some important places in India that are famous for performing Shraddha rituals for the peace and happiness of the departed souls.
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Prayaga (Allahabad), Uttar Pradesh
Gaya, Bihar
Kedarnath, Uttarakhand
Badrinath, Uttarakhand
Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
Nashik, Maharashtra
Kapal Mochan Sarovar, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana

Related Information

Frequency
Yearly / Annual
Duration
16 Days
Begins Tithi
Bhadrapada Shukla Purnima
Ends Tithi
Ashvin Krishna Amavasya
Months
September / October
Past Dates
Sarvapitri Amavasy: 6 October 2021, Chaturdashi Shradh: 5 October 2021, Triodashi Shradh: 4 October 2021, Dwadashi Shradh (Magha Shradh): 3 October 2021, Ekadashi Shradh: 2 October 2021, Dashami Shradh: 1 October 2021, Navami Shradh: 30 September 2021, Ashtami Shradh: 29 September 2021, Saptami Shradh: 28 September 2021, Shashthi Shradh: 27 September 2021, Panchami Shradh: 25 September 2021, Chaturthi Shradh (Maha Bharani): 24 September 2021, Tritiya Shradh: 23 September 2021, Dwitiya Shradh: 22 September 2021, Pratipada Shradh: 21 September 2021, Shraddha Purnima: 20 September 2021, Sarvapitri Amavasy: 17 September 2020, Shraddha Purnima: 1 September 2020
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