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🙏 Pitru Paksha - पितृ पक्ष

Pitru Paksha Date: Shraddha Purnima: Tuesday, 17 September 2024
Pitru Paksha

Pitru Paksha, also known as Shraddha or Kanagat, begins with Shraddha Purnima and ends after sixteen days on the day of Sarva Pitru Amavasya. Hindus pay respects, thanks and tributes to their ancestors (ie fathers), especially through offering pind,bhojan or prasad.

It is believed that at the time of Shraddha, ancestors come to earth to bless their relatives. The interpretation of Shraddha Karma is found in both the era of Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

Related NameShraaddh Paksha, Kanagat, Mahalaya Paksha, Sarvapitri Amavasya, Mahalaya Amavasya, Apara Paksha, Pitru Amavasya, Peddala Amavasya, Pitar Paksha
Begins TithiBhadrapada Shukla Purnima

पितृ पक्ष हिन्दी में पढ़ें

पितृ पक्ष जिसे श्राद्ध या कानागत भी कहा जाता है, श्राद्ध पूर्णिमा के साथ शुरू होकर सोलह दिनों के बाद सर्व पितृ अमावस्या के दिन समाप्त होता है। पितृ पक्ष प्रारंभ - 29 सितंबर 2023 | पितृ पक्ष समापन - 14 अक्टूबर 2023

Shraddha dates 2023 | Pitru Paksha Date

29 September 2023, Friday: Purnima Shraddha / Pratipada Shraddha / Padwa Shraddha [Pitru Paksha Begin]
30 September 2023, Saturday: Dwitiya Shraddha
01 October 2023, Sunday: Tritiya Shraddha
02 October 2023, Monday: Chaturthi Shraddha / Maha Bharani
03 October 2023, Tuesday: Panchami Shraddha / Kunwara Panchami
04 October 2023, Wednesday: Shashthi Shraddha
05 October 2023, Thursday: Saptami Shraddha
06 October 2023, Friday: Ashtami Shraddha
07 October 2023, Saturday: Navami Shraddha/ Matra Navami / Avidhawa Shradh
08 October 2023, Sunday: Dashami Shraddha
09 October 2023, Monday: Ekadashi Shraddha
10 October 2023, Tuesday: Magha Shraddha
11 October 2023, Wednesday: Dwadashi Shraddha
12 October 2023, Thursday: Trayodashi Shraddha
13 October 2023, Friday: Chaturdashi / Chaudas Shraddha
14 October 2023, Saturday: Sarva Pitru Amavasya / Mahalaya [Pitru Paksha Samapan]

Pitru Paksha from Mahabharata

An episode of Shraddha follows from the era of Mahabharata, after the end of the war between the Kaurava-Pandavas, when all was over, Danveer Karna reached heaven after his death. Gold, silver and ornaments were served in place of food. At this, he asked Indra, the devta of swarg, the reason for this.

Indra dev told Karna that throughout his life he donated only gold, silver and diamonds, but never donated any food in the name of his ancestors. Karna replied that he had no knowledge about his ancestors, so he was unable to do so.

Then, Indra advised Karna to return to Earth, where he donated food and offered his ancestors during these sixteen days. And thus Danveer Karna free from Pitru Rinn.

Importance of Shraddha Dates

पूर्णिमा
प्रोष्ठपदी/पूर्णिमा का श्राद्ध

All the rest are as per Shradh date
प्रतिपदा श्राद्ध, द्वितीया श्राद्ध, तृतीया श्राद्ध, चतुर्थी श्राद्ध, पंचमी श्राद्ध, षष्ठी श्राद्ध, सप्तमी श्राद्ध, अष्टमी श्राद्ध, नवमी श्राद्ध, दशमी श्राद्ध, एकादशी श्राद्ध, त्रयोदशी श्राद्ध

द्वादशी
सन्यासियों का श्राद्ध

चतुर्दशी
चतुर्दशी तिथि के दिन शस्त्र, विष, दुर्घटना से मृतों का श्राद्ध होता है चाहे उनकी मृत्यु किसी अन्य तिथि में हुई हो।

अमावस
अमावस का श्राद्ध, अज्ञात तिथि वालों का श्राद्ध, सर्वपितृ श्राद्ध।

Kanagat 2023

The dedication of Tarpan, Pind and Daan (donation) in the name of ancestors is called Shraddha. According to the belief, when the sun enters Kanyarashi, the ancestors come from parlok to stay with their grandchildren, hence it is also called Kanagat.

Pind Daan or Shraddha Karma can be performed every month’s Amavasya for the peace of the ancestors, but Pitru Paksha is considered more important for Shraddha.

How to worship ancestors in the ancestral side?
If you remember the death day/date of your ancestor or deceased member of the family, you should pay obeisance on the same date falling on the ancestral side. If the date of death is not known, shraddha can be performed on the day of Sarvapriti Amavasya, which is also known as Mahalaya Amavasya. If there is a premature death due to an accident or self-immolation etc., then Shraddha is performed on Chaturdashi Tithi.

The law has been told to perform Shraddha for three generations. Every year, Yamraj frees all the living beings in the Shraddha Paksha, so that he can go to his kith and accept the tarpan. In the three ancestors, the father is considered like Vasu, Rudra Devta is considered as grandfather and Aditya Devata is considered as great grandfather. It is considered representative of all other ancestors at the time of Shraddh.

Holy Places For Shradh Rituals

According to Hindu mythology, there are some important places in India that are famous for performing Shraddha rituals for the peace and happiness of the departed souls.
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Prayaga (Allahabad), Uttar Pradesh
Gaya, Bihar
Kedarnath, Uttarakhand
Badrinath, Uttarakhand
Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
Nashik, Maharashtra
Kapal Mochan Sarovar, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana

Sarvapitri Amavasya

14 October 2023
The last day of Pitru Paksha is known as Sarvapitru Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya. Mahalaya Amavasya is the most important day of Pitru Paksha. People who do not know the exact date/day of their ancestors' death, remember this day by dedicating sradhanjali and bhojan to them.

Bharani Shraddha

2 October 2023
Bharani Shraddha is a very important day during Pitru Paksha and is also known as 'Mahabharani Shraddha'. In Bharani Shraddha, worship is done for the peace of the souls of our ancestors. People who are unable to undertake any pilgrimage in their entire life. After the death of such people, Bharani Shraddha is performed so that they get the results of the Shraddha performed at the pilgrimages like Matrigaya, Pitru Gaya, Pushkar Tirtha and Badri Kedar etc.

Bharani Shraddha is performed on Bharani Nakshatra of Pitru Paksha. Bharani Shraddha is not performed in the first year of someone's death because the soul of the dead person remains alive till the first annual Varsha Shraddha is performed. But after the first year, Bharani Shraddha must be performed.

Rituals during Bharani Shraddha:
❀ According to the sacred scriptures, Bharani Shraddha is suggested to be performed at holy places like Gaya, Kasi, Prayag, Rameshwaram etc.
❀ The auspicious time to perform Bharani Shraddha is Kutap Muhurta and Rohina Adi Muhurta, after that till the afternoon festival ends. Tarpan is done at the end of Shraddha.
❀ On Bharani Shraddha, crows should also be fed food, as they are considered messengers of Bhagwan Yamraj. Apart from crow, dog and cow are also fed.
❀ It is believed that performing the Bharani Shraddha ritual religiously and with full devotion brings peace to the liberated soul and they in turn provide peace, security and prosperity to their descendants.

Importance of Bharani Shraddha:
It has been said that the qualities of Bharani Shraddha are similar to Gaya Shraddha, hence it should not be neglected at all. This day is most celebrated during the Pitru Shraddha rituals, after Mahalaya Amavasya.

Related Information

Frequency
Yearly / Annual
Duration
16 Days
Begins Tithi
Bhadrapada Shukla Purnima
Ends Tithi
Ashvin Krishna Amavasya
Months
September / October
Past Dates
Sarvapitri Amavasy / Mahalaya: 14 October 2023, Chaturdashi Shradh: 13 October 2023, Triodashi Shradh: 12 October 2023, Dwadashi Shradh: 11 October 2023, Magha Shradh: 10 October 2023, Ekadashi Shraddha: 9 October 2023, Dashami Shraddha: 8 October 2023, Navami Shraddha / Avidhawa Shradh: 7 October 2023, Ashtami Shraddha: 6 October 2023, Saptami Shradh: 5 October 2023, Shashthi Shraddha: 4 October 2023, Panchami Shraddha / Kunwara Panchami: 3 October 2023, Chaturthi Shraddha / Maha Bharani: 2 October 2023, Tritiya Shradh: 1 October 2023, Dwitiya Shraddha: 30 September 2023, Shraddha Purnima: 29 September 2023, Sarvapitri Amavasy: 25 September 2022, Shraddha Purnima: 10 September 2022
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