Hanuman Chalisa

What is the meaning of 14 Vidya and 16 Kala? (14 विद्या और 16 कला का क्या अर्थ है?)

What is the meaning of 14 Vidya and 16 Kala?

Kala means performing art in Sanskrit. The mastery of as many of the 64 traditional arts known as the Chausath Kalas or Chathusashti Kalas, formed an important basis in the development of a cultured individual in many parts of ancient India.

It is believed that Bhagwan Krishna possesses these arts. After slaying of Kansa and the thread ceremony, Krishna and Balram went to the ashram of Guru Sandipani in the city of Avanti (Ujjain).There within a span of 64 days, Krishna learnt fourteen types of sciences (vidyas) and sixty-four arts (kalas), each of which would take a normal person two to two and a half years to accomplish.

14 Vidyas (techniques)
4 Vedas

4 UpaVedas (abodes of knowledge)
ArthaShastra: Ancient treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy.
Dhanurveda: Science of archery
GandharvaVeda: Treatise on performing arts, encompassing theatre, dance and music.
Ayurveda: The word ayurveda consists of the words ayus, meaning “longevity”, and veda, meaning “related to knowledge” or “science”. Thus Ayurveda is the science of life.

6 Vedangas
Shiksha: science of phonetics and phonology of Sanskrit, its aim is the teaching of correct pronunciation of the Vedic hymns and mantras.
Kalpa: art of rituals
Vyakaran: Sanskrit grammatical tradition of vyakarana.
Nirukta: art of etymology, particularly of obscure words. It consists of brief rules (sutras) for deriving word meanings, supplemented with glossaries of difficult or rare Vedic words.
Chhanda: study of Vedic meter in Classical Sanskrit poetry.
Jyotish: system of astrology, traditionally consisting of three branches:
1. Siddhanta: traditional Indian astronomy
2a. Samhita
2b. Medini Jyotisha: prediction of important events based on analysis of astrological dynamics in a country’s horoscope of general transit events such as war, earthquakes, political events, financial positions, elections etc; Vastu Shastra related matters, animals, portents, omens etc.
3. Hora: predictive astrology based on analysis of natal horoscope and the moment a query is made.

Chausath Kalas (64 forms of art)
1. Geet vidya: art of singing.
2. Vadya vidya: art of playing on musical instruments.
3. Nritya vidya: art of dancing.
4. Natya vidya: art of theatricals.
5. Alekhya vidya: art of painting.
6. Viseshakacchedya vidya: art of painting the face and body with color
7. Tandula-kusuma-bali-vikara: art of preparing offerings from rice and flowers.
8. Pushpastarana: art of making a covering of flowers for a bed.
9. Dasana-vasananga-raga: art of applying preparations for cleansing the teeth, cloths and painting the body.
10. Mani-bhumika-karma: art of making the groundwork of jewels.
11. Aayya-racana: art of covering the bed.
12. Udaka-vadya: art of playing on music in water.
13. Udaka-ghata: art of splashing with water.
14. Citra-yoga: art of practically applying an admixture of colors.
15. Malya-grathana-vikalpa: art of designing a preparation of wreaths.
16. Sekharapida-yojana: art of practically setting the coronet on the head.
17. Nepathya-yoga: art of practically dressing in the tiring room.
18. Karnapatra-bhanga: art of decorating the tragus of the ear.
19. Sugandha-yukti: art of practical application of aromatics.
20. Bhushana-yojana: art of applying or setting ornaments.
21. Aindra-jala: art of juggling.
22. Kaucumara: a kind of art.
23. Hasta-laghava: art of sleight of hand.
24. Citra-sakapupa-bhakshya-vikara-kriya: art of preparing varieties of delicious food.
25. Panaka-rasa-ragasava-yojana: art of practically preparing palatable drinks and tinging draughts with red color.
26. Suci-vaya-karma: art of needleworks and weaving.
27. Sutra-krida: art of playing with thread.
28. Vina-damuraka-vadya: art of playing on lute and small drum.
29. Prahelika: art of making and solving riddles.
30. Durvacaka-yoga: art of practicing language difficult to be answered by others.
31. Pustaka-vacana: art of reciting books.
32. Natikakhyayika-darsana: art of enacting short plays and anecdotes.
33. Kavya-samasya-purana: art of solving enigmatic verses.
34. Pattika-vetra-bana-vikalpa: art of designing preparation of shield, cane and arrows.
35. Tarku-karma: art of spinning by spindle.
36. Takshana: art of carpentry.
37. Vastu-vidya: art of engineering.
38. Raupya-ratna-pariksha: art of testing silver and jewels.
39. Dhatu-vada: art of metallurgy.
40. Mani-raga jnana: art of tinging jewels.
41. Akara jnana: art of mineralogy.
42. Vrikshayur-veda-yoga: art of practicing medicine or medical treatment, by herbs.
43. Mesha-kukkuta-lavaka-yuddha-vidhi: art of knowing the mode of fighting of lambs, cocks and birds.
44. Suka-sarika-pralapana: art of maintaining or knowing conversation between male and female cockatoos.
45. Utsadana: art of healing or cleaning a person with perfumes.
46. Kesa-marjana-kausala: art of combing hair.
47. Akshara-mushtika-kathana: art of talking with fingers.
48. Dharana-matrika: art of the use of amulets.
49. Desa-bhasha-jnana: art of knowing provincial dialects.
50. Nirmiti-jnana: art of knowing prediction by heavenly voice.
51. Yantra-matrika: art of mechanics.
52. Mlecchita-kutarka-vikalpa: art of fabricating barbarous or foreign sophistry.
53. Samvacya: art of conversation.
54. Manasi kavya-kriya: art of composing verse
55. Kriya-vikalpa: art of designing a literary work or a medical remedy.
56. Chalitaka-yoga: art of practicing as a builder of shrines called after him.
57. Abhidhana-kosha-cchando-jnana: art of the use of lexicography and meters.
58. Vastra-gopana: art of concealment of cloths.
59. Dyuta-visesha: art of knowing specific gambling.
60. Akarsha-krida: art of playing with dice or magnet.
61. Balaka-kridanaka: art of using children’s toys.
62. Vainayiki vidya: art of enforcing discipline.
63. Vaijayiki vidya: art of gaining victory.
64. Vaitaliki vidya: art of awakening master with music at dawn.

According to the scriptures and Puranas, it was 64 Kalas. In today's time, man or woman, many skills are seen in them, but somewhere, all those arts or skills will be a replica of any one of these 64 arts.

कृष्ण मंत्र:
कमल नेत्र स्तोत्रम्
श्री राधा कृपा कटाक्ष स्त्रोत्र
दामोदर अष्टकम
श्री पंच-तत्व प्रणाम मंत्र
श्री गोपाल सहस्त्रनाम स्तोत्रम्
मदन मोहन अष्टकम
भावयामि गोपालबालं
श्री दशावतार स्तोत्र: प्रलय पयोधि-जले
विष्णु सहस्रनाम

Shri Krishna Katha:
गोपेश्वर महादेव की लीला
जगन्नाथ महाप्रभु का महा रहस्य
गजेंद्र और ग्राह मुक्ति कथा
श्री कृष्ण मोर से, तेरा पंख सदैव मेरे शीश पर होगा
भागवत कथा प्रसंग: कुंती ने श्रीकृष्ण से दुख क्यों माँगा?

Shri Krishna Mandir:
भारत के चार धाम
ब्रजभूमि के प्रसिद्ध मंदिर
सप्त मोक्ष पुरी
दिल्ली के प्रसिद्ध श्री कृष्ण मंदिर
द्वारका, गुजरात के विश्व विख्यात मंदिर
दिल्ली के प्रमुख श्री कृष्ण प्रणामी मंदिर
दिल्ली के प्रसिद्ध ISKCON मंदिर

Shri Krishna Katha And Leela:
हे श्री कृष्ण! तुम सर्वज्ञ हो
सूरदास जी की गुरु भक्ति
प्रभु भोग का फल
जब श्री कृष्ण बोले, मुझे कहीं छुपा लो
ठाकुर जी सेवा में अहंकार नहीं विनम्रता रखें
प्रभु भक्त अधीन - कृष्ण और शिकारी, संत की कथा
गोस्वामी तुलसीदास को श्री कृष्ण का राम रूप दर्शन
गोस्वामी तुलसीदास की सूरदास जी से भेंट
महाभारत में कर्ण ने श्रीकृष्ण से पूछा?
सुदर्शन रूप में भक्त की प्रेत से रक्षा
हे कन्हैया! क्या बिगाड़ा था मैंने तुम्हारा
छोटी सी गौरैया का श्रीकृष्ण पर विश्वास
श्री कृष्ण की सभी दुष्टों को एक साथ मारने की तरकीब
कुछ लोग ही कृष्ण की ओर बढ़ते हैं

भगवान श्री विष्णु के दस अवतार
अमेरिका में कैसे मनाई जाती है जन्माष्टमी?
कनाडा में जन्माष्टमी समारोह
ऑस्ट्रेलिया में कैसे मनाई जाती है जन्माष्टमी?
श्रीमद भगवद गीता पढ़ने का वैज्ञानिक कारण क्या है?
दही हांडी महोत्सव

पंचामृत बनाने की विधि
मथुरा के पेड़े बनाने की विधि
मखाने की खीर बनाने की विधि
बालभोग बनाने की सरल विधि

14 विद्या और 16 कला का क्या अर्थ है? हिन्दी में पढ़ें

कला का अर्थ है संस्कृत में प्रदर्शन कला। चौसठ कला या चतुर्दशी कला के रूप में जानी जाने वाली 64 पारंपरिक कलाओं में से कई की महारत ने प्राचीन भारत के कई हिस्सों में एक सुसंस्कृत व्यक्ति के विकास में एक महत्वपूर्ण आधार बनाया।
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